NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English MCB Chapter – 23 Unity in Diversity
Unit-6 : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 207
Q1 : During the journey, Rohan and Rajini both note down the information they gather about the states they travel through. When they return they jot down this information.
Working with your partner, choose any one journey and complete the grid for them. You may access the internet or refer to books in the library to complete your grid.
- The states that they pass through.
- The variety of languages they hear.
- The local cuisines they enjoy.
- The local handicrafts they buy for their family from each of the states they pass through.
- The weather they experience.
This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.
Let us consider the journey from A (Gujarat) – B (Mizoram).
Journey Y – Z has to be prepared in similar fashion.
|Gujarat||Gujarati||Curry-rice. Snacks: Thepla, Khakara,|
Phaphda, Dhokla, etc.
|Exquisitely embroidered wall hangings, shirts, vests,|
bedspreads, studded with tiny mirrors
|Humid coastal line, extreme temperature in summers and|
winters in Kutch region, mild pleasant eastern
belt with moderate monsoon.
|Madhya Pradesh||Hindi, Malvi, Nimadi, Bundeli, Bagheli, etc.||Kusli, Jalebi, Biryani palaf,|
Kebabs, Rogan Josh, etc.
|Clay pots, carpet-making, wooden toys, leather and clay|
toys, calico paintings, Chanderi sarees, handloom
cloth and garments, cotton and woolen products
|Subtropical: Hot and humid summers, pleasant winters.|
|Chhattisgarh||Chhattisgarhi, Sambalpuri, Marathi, Oriya, etc.||Salphi (sap of fish-leaf, sago-palm), Mahua|
(a local brew), Landa (rice beer), Red ant
|Bamboo crafts, Wood works, Bell metals and Folk|
paintings.The folk paintings depicting expressions and emotions
portray the socio-cultural ambience.
|Warm and humid summers, cool winters.|
|Jharkhand||Munda languages, Dravidian languages, Indo-Aryan|
|Dhuska (served with either aaloo dum or mutton|
curry), Dudhauri, Handiya (local rice
|Wooden crafts, Bamboo works, Metal works, Stone carvings,|
Ornaments, Toy making (painted wooden cut-outs).
|Summers (up till June end), rainy season (till|
September), autumn, winter (from November to March).
|West Bengal||Bengali||Shukto (vegetable curry), Lentil and deep-fried|
potatoes and brinjals, non-veg (fish, mutton, chicken).Spices used: Aniseed, Fenugreek seed, Black cumin seed,
Cumin seed and Mustard.Deserts: Shondesh, Roshogolla,
Pantua, Malpoa, etc.
|The exquisite texture of Baluchari sarees, Silk|
and Tasar textile.Jute, wood and cane products.Conch-shell products, Brass wares, Folk dolls and
different schools of art such as Dokra. The
important feature is, each of these schools, in spite of
their contiguity, has maintained its own distinguishing
features down the ages.
|Spring, summer, monsoon, a short autumn and winter.|
|Tripura||Kokborok, Kuki, Magh/Arakanese, etc.||Mui Borok made of Berma (dried and|
fermented fish), non-vegetarian food, pork, mutton,
turtle, beef, crabs, fish, prawns, frogs and even dogs.
|Excellent varieties of bamboo and cane handicrafts: Room|
dividers, decorated wall panels, attractive cane
furniture, different decorative pieces using bamboo
roots, bamboo dining table mats, Floor mats, etc.
|Landlocked hilly state, tropical climate, receives|
rainfall during monsoon.
|Mizoram||Mizo||Most meat and vegetables are eaten steamed or boiled.|
Main non-vegetarian delicacies: Vawska Rep (Smoked
Pork), Arsa Buhchiar (chicken with sticky-rice),
Bai (vegetable stew).
|Mizo women use handloom to make clothing and cloth|
handicrafts.Puan chei (colourful hand woven wrap-around skirt)
and Kawr Chei (a matching beautiful top),
Khiang Kawi (traditional bag creatively knitted
out of bright coloured wool), Pawnpui (traditional
Q2 : What conclusions do you draw from Rohan and Rajini’s experience?
Known for unity in diversity, ever since her independence when, Sardar Patel unified 500 princely states into one nation, India has a variety of cultures and traditions to offer.
Although there is so much cultural difference, there is a strong palpable connection among all. On touring across the nation Rajini and Rohan realise and appreciate how beautifully India embraces a multitude of castes, creed, colour, conviction, cuisine, costume and custom into one.
Dedicated festivals, to seasons and harvests, could be observed everywhere. The national festivals fused their hearts with national pride. Finally they returned with national spirit filled in their hearts and a sense of solidarity among all the regions embracing their diverse cultures.
Q3 : Look at the pictures given below. Decide in your group which regions the six photos probably come from. Explain why you think so and find out from your teacher if you were correct. Then write a short caption for each photograph. It can be serious or funny.
1. Konark temple, Orissa.
2. City Lake Palace, Udaipur
3. Lavani dance, Maharashtra
4. Tea Gardens, Assam
5. Dasaswamedh Ghat, Varanasi